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Extra Vocabulary Exposure


ELA: Reading ^21st Century Skills All Ages Strategy


Expressive Language Verbal Reasoning Verbal Memory

Extra Vocabulary Exposure

If your student has weaker vocabulary which could be hindering reading comprehension

Instruction And Practice

  1. Objective: Provide opportunities for formal and informal vocabulary instruction to support ongoing vocabulary development.
  2. Teach a word in a variety of formats, beyond just giving the definition, to put it context, including speaking and writing it in a sentence, and identifying synonyms and antonyms. Reinforce new words on at least six different occasions to ensure retention. Spaced repetition is key, both through explicit instruction and repeated exposure in different contexts.
  3. Use vocabulary webs for the most important or challenging words.
  4. Traditional vocabulary flashcards are useful for a list of words.
  5. Students who need extra reinforcement can create a personalized dictionary to keep track of new vocabulary while reading or during class discussion.
  6. Teachers Notes: Having students practice in pairs is shown to be far more effective than working on vocabulary independently. Most students can learn vocabulary effectively also using apps and websites.

Teacher Resources

*print* Student Checklist: How To Practice Vocabulary

  1. Think of a picture to go with the word
  2. Think of a word you already know that relates or connects to the new word
  3. Write a sentence using the new word
  4. Make flashcards with the vocabulary word on one side and definition on the other side. Draw a picture to go along with the definition

Why It Works? (the Science Of Learning!)

If a word is not in a student's oral vocabulary, it will not be understood when they see it in print. Strong vocabulary is crucial to strong reading comprehension skills. Research shows that most students must experience new words a minimum of six different times, in a variety of contexts, and over multiple sessions to commit them to long-term memory.

Best-suited for students with weaker: Attention, Self-Regulation, Long-term Memory, Processing Speed, Working Memory (Source: Digital Promise Learner Variability Project)