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Adapt Your Reading Approach Based on the Text


ELA: Reading ^21st Century Skills All Ages Strategy


Verbal Reasoning Abstract Reasoning Processing Speed

Adapt Your Reading Approach Based on the Text

If your student reads slowly and has difficulty completing assignments or works quickly and misses key details

How To Apply It!

  1. It is beneficial to know when and how to adapt your reading approach based on the complexity and purpose of the assignment.
  2. In fiction, especially for independent reading, you can typically read more quickly as long as you have the main idea and key details. You can always go back and re-read sections as needed.
  3. Consider if you are reading non-fiction as an introduction or for deeper understanding. If you are not sure, ask your teacher.
  4. If an introduction, you might read relatively quickly and not focus on the details. As long as you understand the main idea, you are probably fine and will have saved a lot of time.
  5. If reading for deeper knowledge, expect to read slowly and carefully.
  6. Expect that you will sometimes need to re-read information multiple times.
  7. When you know you'll need to re-read multiple times, read the first time for general understanding. A second or third reading can be for understanding the specific details or broad concepts.
  8. When you come across a word you don't know, consider whether or not it is a key term that drives your conceptual learning. If it is, stop and understand it. Otherwise, you might want to make a good guess, make a note of it, and then keep reading to keep up your flow.
  9. Stop and review pictures, diagrams and captions. They often will help your comprehension and make it easier to remember what you read.

Why It Works (the Science Of Learning)!

For efficiency, students should learn how and when to use different reading approaches. The approach will depend on the type of text and purpose of the assignment. When students aren't certain, they should be encouraged to ask teachers. Students might need to be encouraged to skim and not always feel the need to read deeply.