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Triangular Flashcards for Math Facts


Study Skills & Tools Elementary School Strategy


Working Memory Abstract Reasoning Visual Memory

Triangular Flashcards for Math Facts

If your student is struggling to memorize math facts with traditional flashcards or other repetition

Teach It!

  1. Objective: Students will use triangular flashcards to help with associating the numbers in a fact family to memorize their math facts.
  2. Teacher Takeaways: a) Triangular flashcards can be better for mastering math facts because they help students understand and remember relationships through fact families. b) Parents can purchase pre-made triangular flashcards. Alternatively, you can make them from card stock or index cards.
  3. Class Activity: a) Cut the paper into a stack of same-sized, equilateral triangles. The triangle should be easily held at one vertex in the student's hand. b) Each fact will get one side of a card. For example 2+4=6 gets one side of one triangle. This same card will work for 4+2=6, 6-2=4, etc. c) Put each number of the equation at one angle of the triangle. One point has the 2, one has 4, and the third has the 6. d) Have the student start by looking at a card and reciting the four equations until he can confidently do that for all the fact families. If the student is only working on addition, do not yet work on subtract equations. e) Have the student cover any one of the numbers and identifying which number is covered. f) Use these as you would any other flashcards, by mixing them up, putting them in piles based on mastery, etc.

Why It Works (the Science Of Learning)!

While some students can easily remember math facts, many students struggle with automaticity. Triangular flashcards reinforce the association of the three elements of the equation. Not only will that association build the logical connections between the numbers, it also will make learning subtraction and division easier once students have mastered addition and multiplication. .